Chicago YIMBY: Lost Legends #12: The Home Insurance Building

Home Insurance Building, 1885, William Le Baron Jenney, NE corner of S. LaSalle and W. Adams Streets. Demolished in 1931. Photo credit: Chicago Architectural Photographing Co., Archival Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archive at the Art Institute of Chicago, CBE: 1 A; BRC: R-3889 A, 78001
Home Insurance Building, 1885, William Le Baron Jenney, NE corner of S. LaSalle and W. Adams Streets. Demolished in 1931. Photo credit: Archival Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archive at the Art Institute of Chicago, BLC: 59499, 59499
Home Insurance Building, 1885, William Le Baron Jenney, NE corner of S. LaSalle and W. Adams Streets. Demolished in 1931. Photo credit: Archival Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archive at the Art Institute of Chicago, BLC: 59500, 59500
Home Insurance Building, 1885, William Le Baron Jenney, NE corner of S. LaSalle and W. Adams Streets. Demolished in 1931. Photo credit: Archival Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archive at the Art Institute of Chicago, BLC: 59498, 59498
Home Insurance Building, 1885, William Le Baron Jenney, NE corner of S. LaSalle and W. Adams Streets. Demolished in 1931. Photo credit: Archival Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archive at the Art Institute of Chicago, BLC: 59497, 59497
Photo showing primitive form of skeleton construction, taken during demolition. Home Insurance Building, 1885, William Le Baron Jenney, NE corner of S. LaSalle and W. Adams Streets. Demolished in 1931. Photo credit: Archival Image Collection, Ryerson and Burnham Archive at the Art Institute of Chicago, BLC: BLC: 52450, 52450

“In this edition of ‘Lost Legends,’ we look at what is often considered the worlds first skyscraper, the Home Insurance Building. The groundbreaking building stood 10 stories at a height of 138 feet tall at the time of its initial completion in 1885. In 1891 two floors were added bringing the building to the height of 180 feet.

“Located at what is now known as 135 S. La Salle Street at the corner of Adams and La Salle and designed by architect William Le Baron Jenney, the structure was a result of massive population growth, high office space demand, and new urban development strategies after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.

“The building is widely considered the first skyscraper because of Jenney’s use of cast iron to form a steel-frame skeleton along with its impact on building conventions. Although it didn’t hold the title of the tallest structure in the city, a distinction held by the original Chicago Board of Trade Building, the Home Insurance Building’s legacy as the first skyscraper stems from its unique height-to-width ratio at the time, with many buildings achieving their tall heights through spires.

“In 1931, the Home Insurance Building was razed to pave the path for the monumental Field Building, now recognized as 135 S. La Salle Street. At the time, the Field Building claimed the title of the largest office building in the city.

“The Home Insurance Building represented a significant milestone in skyscraper construction, despite not meeting the criteria of most modern definitions, which typically classify a skyscraper as a building standing at least 150 meters or 490 feet tall. The Home Insurance Building established groundbreaking building practices that became defining elements of 20th-century architecture. Its pioneering use of a steel skeletal frame revolutionized structural engineering, paving the way for taller and more resilient buildings. This innovative approach set new standards for construction methods, shaping the development of modern skyscrapers and reshaping urban landscapes globally.” (Billingsley, Chicago YIMBY, 4/2/24)

Read the full story with 3D Modeling at Chicago YIMBY

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